Prairie dogs form coteries within a colony. Family consists of a man, multiple women, and their offspring. These burrowing rats have separate sleeping, bathroom, and child-rearing areas. They exchange food, groom each other, kiss, and nuzzle to show affection.

Prairie Dogs

Matrilineal dwarf mongooses, like elephants. Her monogamous partner is vigilant. The head female can mate and eat. The youngest animals are thus fed first, unlike in many other groups. Teens clean and feed younger kids. Her children depart or join another group once she dies. 

Dwarf Mongooses

Males dominate emperor penguins. Males show off to ladies by dropping their heads to their chests and making a special wooing call. Emperor penguins are monogamous for the breeding season and occasionally longer. Emperor penguins nest in colonies.

Emperor Penguins

The social grey wolf lives in small packs. Each pack has a male, female, and their offspring. Lead pair are frequently the only ones in their pack to mate, and they often mate for life. The average pack has five to nine members. Wolves work together to teach their pups to hunt and avoid danger.

Gray Wolves

Chimpanzee communities are 15 to 120 members. A community may be large, but the fusion-fission social structure continuously evolves, with individuals splitting off into smaller subgroups of six or fewer chimps. 


One monogamous breeding pair leads 2-40 wild dogs. Both sexes raise kids. After killing their prey, the adults let the puppies eat first. After the puppies are done eating, the pack regurgitates some of the kill to feed any young pups, injured or elderly dogs, or those who stayed behind to care for the pups. Wild dogs care for each other.

African Wild Dogs

In the world of orcas, remaining close to mom is the norm. Orca pods stick together for life. The black and white cetaceans live in pods of 5-50 members. Like elephants, adolescent females assist raise young. 


Elephants are smart and have strong family bonds. Each herd's matriarch is the oldest, largest female. Her knowledge aids elephants during droughts. Males leave between 8 and 13 for puberty. Multiple generations of women protect newborns. 


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